Generate random password from command line

Generate random password from command line
openssl rand -base64 32


LC_ALL=C tr -dc A-Za-z0-9 < /dev/urandom | head -c32; echo ''

Where 32 is length of the generated password.

I recommend the latter because the former is a based64 encoded result of a binary array, which has pre-defined pattern. This reduces the generated password space and produces weaker password than you expect in the giving size.

The latter command explanation

  • LC_ALL=C: in some locale, A-Z, a-z contain some multiple byte character which are not supported by tr command. Thus, error message is printed.
  • -dc flag in tr command: -d means delete character in a given set. -c means complement.