This post will show how to let your ubuntu recognized new volume size.

  • Check current space df -h
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
udev            3.9G     0  3.9G   0% /dev
tmpfs           788M  1.3M  787M   1% /run
/dev/nvme0n1p1   31G   27G  4.3G  87% /
tmpfs           3.9G     0  3.9G   0% /dev/shm
tmpfs           5.0M     0  5.0M   0% /run/lock
tmpfs           3.9G     0  3.9G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/loop2       18M   18M     0 100% /snap/amazon-ssm-agent/1455
tmpfs           788M     0  788M   0% /run/user/1000
/dev/loop1       18M   18M     0 100% /snap/amazon-ssm-agent/1480
/dev/loop3       90M   90M     0 100% /snap/core/8213
/dev/loop0       90M   90M     0 100% /snap/core/8268

The current size is 31GB mounted at /dev/nvme0n1p1.

  • (Optional) Check partition: sudo file -s /dev/nvme?n*
/dev/nvme0n1:   DOS/MBR boot sector
/dev/nvme0n1p1: Linux rev 1.0 ext4 filesystem data, UUID=77065d09-78c6-41b4-b46a-b83c9519561c, volume name "cloudimg-rootfs" (needs journal recovery) (extents) (64bit) (large files) (huge files)
  • Check current block partition status lsblk
NAME        MAJ:MIN RM  SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
loop0         7:0    0 89.1M  1 loop /snap/core/8268
loop1         7:1    0   18M  1 loop /snap/amazon-ssm-agent/1480
loop2         7:2    0   18M  1 loop /snap/amazon-ssm-agent/1455
loop3         7:3    0 89.1M  1 loop /snap/core/8213
nvme0n1     259:0    0  128G  0 disk
└─nvme0n1p1 259:1    0   32G  0 part /

Device nvme0n1 has 128GB, 32G of it is assigned to the first (number 1)  partition, named nvme0n1p1. Now, we will extend this partition.

  • Extend the first ( 1) partition of the device sudo growpart /dev/nvme0n1 1 (notice the number 1 at the end of the command).
  • (Optional) Confirm the extend lsblk
NAME        MAJ:MIN RM  SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
loop0         7:0    0 89.1M  1 loop /snap/core/8268
loop1         7:1    0   18M  1 loop /snap/amazon-ssm-agent/1480
loop2         7:2    0   18M  1 loop /snap/amazon-ssm-agent/1455
loop3         7:3    0 89.1M  1 loop /snap/core/8213
nvme0n1     259:0    0  128G  0 disk
└─nvme0n1p1 259:1    0  128G  0 part /

Now, nvme0n1p1 becomes 128G, instead of 32G before the previous command.

  • (Optional) Check the file system size df -h
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
udev            3.9G     0  3.9G   0% /dev
tmpfs           788M  1.3M  787M   1% /run
/dev/nvme0n1p1   31G   27G  4.3G  87% /
tmpfs           3.9G     0  3.9G   0% /dev/shm
tmpfs           5.0M     0  5.0M   0% /run/lock
tmpfs           3.9G     0  3.9G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/loop2       18M   18M     0 100% /snap/amazon-ssm-agent/1455
tmpfs           788M     0  788M   0% /run/user/1000
/dev/loop1       18M   18M     0 100% /snap/amazon-ssm-agent/1480
/dev/loop3       90M   90M     0 100% /snap/core/8213
/dev/loop0       90M   90M     0 100% /snap/core/8268

/dev/nvme0n1p1 's size is still 31G. In order to make the extended partitioning take effect do the following command

  • Resize logical volume size sudo resize2fs /dev/nvme0n1p1
resize2fs 1.44.1 (24-Mar-2018)
Filesystem at /dev/nvme0n1p1 is mounted on /; on-line resizing required
old_desc_blocks = 4, new_desc_blocks = 16
The filesystem on /dev/nvme0n1p1 is now 33554171 (4k) blocks long.
  • Confirm the result df -h
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
udev            3.9G     0  3.9G   0% /dev
tmpfs           788M  1.3M  787M   1% /run
/dev/nvme0n1p1  125G   27G   98G  22% /
tmpfs           3.9G     0  3.9G   0% /dev/shm
tmpfs           5.0M     0  5.0M   0% /run/lock
tmpfs           3.9G     0  3.9G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/loop2       18M   18M     0 100% /snap/amazon-ssm-agent/1455
tmpfs           788M     0  788M   0% /run/user/1000
/dev/loop1       18M   18M     0 100% /snap/amazon-ssm-agent/1480
/dev/loop3       90M   90M     0 100% /snap/core/8213
/dev/loop0       90M   90M     0 100% /snap/core/8268

Happy Coding!