To get number of sockets, cores per socket, threads per core

lscpu | grep -E '^Thread|^Core|^Socket|^CPU\('

To get cache size, CPU name, frequency rate

cat /proc/cpuinfo

To get GPGPU information (nvidia driver is required), including memory spaces, driver version, cuda toolkit version, gpgpu name, etc...

nvidia-smi

To get memory spaces

free

Get disk space

df